techniques are dog-friendly (i.e., based
on positive reinforcement), which means that they are not
is no hitting, pulling on choke chains, yelling, startling,
or forcing the dog in any way.
the dog is reinforced in a variety of ways for desirable
behaviors. I might motivate him using food (one
of the most powerful motivators!), toys, games, or other
privileges (such as a walk or a chew bone).
methods are also people-friendly and safe:
even a small child can interact with a dog in this way. This
approach is effective because it is based on learning theory
(an understanding of how animals actually learn), rather than
on speculations or fads.
methods are humane. There is no reason to
use coercive & cruel methods when our goal is to develop
a relationship of mutual trust and cooperation between you
and your dog.
and dog-friendly approach requires setting and teaching (fair)
rules and boundaries for the dog. It also requires that we
learn how to manage consequences for behavior. Although some
people may believe that positive reinforcement methods are
permissive, or that we are bribing the dog to “like”
us, these views reveal a superficial understanding of learning